A collective agreement, also known as a collective bargaining agreement, is a legal agreement made between an employer and a labor union that represents their employees. The agreement sets out the terms and conditions of employment, such as wages, benefits, working hours, and job security.
Collective agreements are a crucial part of the labor-management relationship, as they help to promote workplace harmony and stability. They also provide a framework for resolving disputes between employers and employees, and for negotiating changes in working conditions.
Collective bargaining is the process by which a union negotiates with an employer to reach a collective agreement. This process typically involves several rounds of negotiations, with each side presenting their respective demands and compromises.
Once the negotiations are complete, the collective agreement is signed by the employer and the union, and becomes legally binding. It is then enforced by the labor relations board or other regulatory agency.
Collective agreements vary from industry to industry and from region to region. They may also vary depending on the size of the union and the bargaining power of the employer.
In some cases, the collective agreement may be negotiated for a specific period of time, such as one year or several years. During this time, the employer and the union are bound by the terms of the agreement, and must negotiate a new agreement when the existing one expires.
Overall, collective agreements are an essential tool in maintaining a productive and harmonious workplace. They provide a framework for fair and equitable treatment of employees, and help to ensure that both employers and employees are satisfied with their working conditions.